RE: Footnote punctuation

Subject: RE: Footnote punctuation
From: "Marci Bethel, RMB Editorial Services" <mhbethel -at- rmbeditorial -dot- com>
To: "'Nancy Allison'" <maker -at- verizon -dot- net>, <techwr-l -at- lists -dot- techwr-l -dot- com>
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 2008 12:18:12 -0700

Hi Nancy,

After the punctuation mark (except an em dash). See Chicago
(15th ed), 16.30, which has this to say (I added ^ before
each superscript number to help with readability):

16.30 Placement of number

A note number should be placed at the end of a sentence or
at the end of a clause. The number follows any punctuation
mark except for the dash, which it precedes. It follows a
closing parenthesis.

"This," wrote George Templeton Strong, "is what our tailors
can do." (In an earlier book he had said quite the

The bias was apparent in the Shotwell series^3--and it must
be remembered that Shotwell was a student of Robinson's.

For a parenthetical phrase within a sentence, it may
occasionally be appropriate to place the note number before
the closing parenthesis.

Men and their unions, as they entered industrial work,
negotiated two things: young women would be laid off once
they married (the commonly acknowledged "marriage bar"^1),
and men would be paid a "family wage."


Marci Bethel, Freelance Editor
RMB Editorial Services
mhbethel -at- rmbeditorial -dot- com

-----Original Message-----
techwr-l-bounces+mhbethel=rmbeditorial -dot- com -at- lists -dot- techwr-l -dot- co
[mailto:techwr-l-bounces+mhbethel=rmbeditorial -dot- com -at- lists -dot- tec] On Behalf Of Nancy Allison
Sent: Tuesday, July 08, 2008 11:54 AM
To: Tech Whirlers
Subject: Footnote punctuation

Where do you insert the footnote number in the text -- what
rule governs placement? Inside punctuation, outside it,
inside some but not other punctuation?

The Chicago Manual of Style has 439 pages on notes (ok, I
exaggerrate, but not by much). Do you have a rule of thumb,
or can you point me to a citation?

In each set of example, which punctuation would you use?
(Please pretend the number 1 is a proper superscript in
each case):


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Footnote punctuation: From: Nancy Allison

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