Subject: XML & XHTML
From: "Michael Collier" <mcollier -at- arlut -dot- utexas -dot- edu>
To: "TECHWR-L" <techwr-l -at- lists -dot- raycomm -dot- com>
Date: Wed, 23 May 2001 08:49:47 -0500

Pursuant to the "XML as a document language" thread, I suggest that one way
of working with the XML model is to use the XHTML doctype in web pages that
you own. That is, begin your web pages with

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml";>

and validate them at the W3 site.

HTML 4.0 will be the last version of HTML as we have known it. The XHTML
standard, as I understand it, is being implemented to help the web become
XML ready - that is, take advantage of the power provided by structured
content models and the use of valid markup.

That means all tags have to be in lower case and properly terminated,
attribute values enclosed in quotes, and no <font> tags. HTML Tidy (and
other tools I guess) are helpful with cleaning up non-XHTML pages and
outputting XHTML.

Janice Gelb <janiceg -at- marvin -dot- eng -dot- sun -dot- com> wrote:

> We are already doing this at Sun, using SGML source to
> create PDFs and Generated HTML.

I wonder about all this generated HTML, though. Since in Janice's example
SGML source is used, I would guess the output is XHTML - but what about all
the other HTML generators out there - javadoc, RoboHelp, WebWorks, to name a
few - are these generating XHTML without having to explicitly specify XHTML
output - or are these systems generating a lot of the good old HTML we have
known and loved - and will have to clean up later?

Michael Collier, Technical Writer Office: N546
Information Systems Laboratory http://isl.arlut.utexas.edu/
Applied Research Laboratories: The University of Texas at Austin
Voice: 512-835-3408 e-mail: mcollier -at- arlut -dot- utexas -dot- edu


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