Subject: RE: XML & XHTML
From: "Michael Collier" <mcollier -at- arlut -dot- utexas -dot- edu>
To: "TECHWR-L" <techwr-l -at- lists -dot- raycomm -dot- com>
Date: Thu, 24 May 2001 07:54:43 -0500

Bruce Byfield wrote:

> XHTML is an interim solution, and I'd
> rather not confuse my already over-worked brain with two markup
> languages that are just similar enough to be confusing when I can get
> away with learning one.

Most of what you need to know about XHTML is expressed in the following:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="";>

Not exactly the first line of the Rig Veda, but still enough to light up
browsers all over the world and have the W3C singing your praises.

The tags are (mostly) the same as HTML. And since you're already used to the
strict markup rules of XML, there's not much of a learning curve. Basically,
remember to use lowercase for tags, quote attribute values, and declare a
value for every attribute.

> Perhaps I should explain that, when I called XHTML an interim solution,
> I meant that, because it's designed as a transition between HTML and
> XML, it's not likely to be around for very long [snip] so I don't
> really see the need for a transition form. Or am I missing something?

What you may be missing (unless *I'm* missing something :-) is: what happens
to your XML pages in a non-XML aware browser. If you are using your XML for
something other than browser display, then I guess it doesn't matter. But
XHTML, as I understand it, gives you both: backwards compatibility with
non-XML browsers, and the ability to make use of the XML model for XML
browser display, and other purposes.

Michael Collier, Technical Writer Office: N546
Information Systems Laboratory
Applied Research Laboratories: The University of Texas at Austin
Voice: 512-835-3408 e-mail: mcollier -at- arlut -dot- utexas -dot- edu


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Re: XML & XHTML: From: Bruce Byfield

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