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My friends wouldn't actually call me a grammar quibbler, but here goes...
Restrictive (use 'that') versus non-restrictive (use 'which') clause use is quite simple to determine (although not so easy to explain).
"If an election is submitted with a tender price which has already been bid on..."
The relevant subject here (I think) is 'election submitted with a tender price', the clause is 'which/that has already been bid on'. The question is: does the clause *define or restrict* which tender prices you're talking about, or does it merely provide descriptive information about tender prices?
"If an election is submitted with a tender price, which has already been bid on,..."
"If an election is submitted with a tender price that has already been bid on..."
In the first example, you are talking about *all* elections submitted with a tender price, and you are adding the informational tidbit that they have already been bid on. (A clue here would be if all submitted elections/tender prices have been bid on!)
In the second example, you are restricting the elections you are talking about to only those submitted with an already bid-on tender price.
This is actually a very complex sentence structure. To illustrate restrictive clauses, here's a simpler example:
"All dogs, which are blue, must stand in the green circle."
"All dogs that are blue must stand in the green circle."
The first example refers to *all* dogs and adds the informational tidbit that all dogs are blue. The second example restricts the subject to all blue dogs.
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