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Subject:Re: Latin vs. Germanic From:Michael Cargal <cargal -at- CTS -dot- COM> Date:Mon, 4 Aug 1997 20:18:26 GMT
On 31 Jul 1997 18:46:27 -0500, Dave Whelan wrote:
>Another take on this is that after the Roman conquest, and later the Norman,
>Latin became the language of the leisured classes. The peasants who did all
>the work used Anglo-Saxon and other Germanic languages; the only ones who
>knew Latin were the rich and powerful from the aristocracy and church. The
>big wheels didn't have to do any work so Latin words lost their vibrancy to
>describe active work.
The Norman Conquest explains why food animals have anglo-saxon names
but cuts of meat have latin ones: Anglo-saxons cared for the animals
but Normans only ate them. William had an army but not a navy, which
explains why army ranks and terms are from Latin but naval ranks and
maritime terms from anglo-saxon (except a few ship's officers who were
army folk put onto the boats to keep the anglo-saxons in line, and
admiral, which is from Arabic).